Examines the case for presidency management in selling the event of distributed grid related power storage, arguing that authorities management is important with a purpose to kick begin this essential element of the strong electrical power infrastructure that’s in our nations greatest curiosity. The writer additionally argues that doing so will deliver down electrical car battery prices and assist promote EV adoption charges, that are inhibited by excessive unit prices pushed by battery costs.
by Jim Greenberger, Government Director, Nationwide Alliance for Superior Know-how Batteries (NAATBatt), a not-for-profit commerce affiliation of corporations concerned within the manufacture of huge format superior batteries for automotive and grid-connected power storage purposes. Join with Jim on Linkedin.
The previous a number of months have seen an explosion of curiosity in grid-connected power storage. Pushed partially by the belief that the superior automotive battery market will probably be slower to develop than many hoped, and by current white papers on the economics of grid-connected power storage by EPRI, Southern California Edison and Sandia Nationwide Laboratory, funding bankers, inventory analysts and enormous industrial corporations crowded into the Power Storage Affiliation’s current assembly in San Jose to attempt to determine what’s going on.
The keenness for grid-connected power storage is well-founded. The lack to retailer electrical power on the grid is, in lots of respects, the technological limitation that outlined the design of our nationwide energy grid within the early 20th Century and that continues to account for its primary structure at this time. The power to generate electrical energy, to retailer it economically in giant portions, and to make use of it at a later time, can be probably the most disruptive know-how to emerge on the facility grid up to now 100 years.
That stated, the technological capability to retailer electrical energy has been round for some time (in truth, it pre-dates the development of our nationwide energy grid by a number of millennia). The rationale that electrical energy just isn’t saved in giant portions on the U.S. electrical energy grid right now (aside from 21.5 gigawatts of pumped storage hydropower) is as a result of it’s nonetheless usually inexpensive to generate an electron than to retailer it. It’s a protected guess that the day that calculation modifications, the world will beat a path to the grid-connected power storage door.
To learn extra on fifteen present and up and potential grid scale power storage applied sciences see our associated submit: “Fifteen Grid Scale Power Storage Options to Watch“.
So the financial case for investing in new power storage applied sciences is obvious. The corporate that may deliver to market a know-how that shops electrical energy cheaper than a public utility or different buyer can generate or purchase it is going to do very nicely.
However what’s the case for presidency funding (both immediately or via tax credit) in grid-connected power storage know-how? Why can’t the federal government depart improvement of grid-connected power storage to the personal sector alone?
The case for presidency funding in storage activates three arguments: First, that storage will assist combine variable renewably generated electrical energy onto the grid; second, that deploying sure forms of power storage know-how on the grid will assist battery makers obtain economies of scale, convey down the price of electrical automobiles and scale back petroleum imports; and, third, that distributed storage will assist stabilize the grid and facilitate the quick charging of electrical automobiles.
The primary argument, which focuses on renewables integration, in probably the most tenuous. Most new types of renewable power (i.e., wind and photo voltaic) are variable and have to be balanced by different sources of electrical energy. As we speak, a lot of the stand by capability used to stability variable renewables is offered by pure fuel peaker crops. So, in impact, the primary argument is that the federal government ought to spend money on storage know-how in order that the nation can burn much less pure fuel and, subsequently, scale back greenhouse fuel emissions.
An argument for investing in storage in an effort to scale back pure fuel consumption, nevertheless, is a weak argument. Whereas there can be some emissions profit to decreasing pure fuel consumption, there are far cheaper methods to scale back greenhouse fuel emissions than by decreasing using pure fuel, a type of power that even President Obama classifies as “clear” and that apparently exists in larger home abundance than was usually understood just some years in the past.
A greater case for presidency funding in storage know-how is the second argument: that grid-connected storage can deliver down the price of electrical automobiles. The electrification of motor automobiles is a important a part of any technique to scale back U.S. petroleum imports. But the excessive value of huge format lithium-ion batteries stays the principal barrier to widespread adoption of electrical automobiles. The lack of superior battery producers to benefit from economies of scale is an enormous a part of the price drawback. At present, PHEV and EV gross sales in the USA run on the price of just a few hundred models per 30 days. This creates a demise cycle of superior battery pricing, with battery manufacturing volumes being too low meaningfully to decrease unit battery costs, and PHEV and EV costs remaining too excessive to generate bigger battery manufacturing volumes.
Authorities funding in grid-connected power storage may also help break this pricing demise cycle. If battery makers can use the identical crops and processes to fabricate giant portions of batteries for the grid-connected market as for the automotive market, the costs of PHEV’s and EV’s might be considerably lowered, as battery suppliers will be capable of amortize excessive plant prices over a bigger variety of models. Financial system of scale is a vital issue within the capital-intensive superior battery business. Within the early a part of the final decade, the worth of lithium-ion batteries in shopper electronics fell considerably, largely resulting from quantity will increase in that market. Anticipating an identical volume-driven worth drop in giant format lithium-ion batteries wouldn’t be unreasonable.
Third and eventually, the necessary position that grid-connected power storage might play in stabilizing and defending electrical energy distribution techniques is usually not absolutely appreciated. The vulnerability of the U.S. electrical energy grid to malicious assault and pure catastrophe is a matter of rising concern within the protection group. Selling the event of microgrids inside bigger, centralized distribution methods would assist tackle this concern. Power storage know-how deployed on the distribution degree is an integral part of microgrid techniques. The case for presidency funding in grid-connected power storage as a part of an effort to safe the facility grid is compelling, as securing the grid towards assault is a correct and needed position of presidency. [See: “Distributed Energy Generation, a Green Economy Paradigm“]
Finding storage on the distribution degree would additionally facilitate quick charging applied sciences for electrical automobiles. Deploying quick charging stations will in flip make EV’s and PHEV’s extra engaging to shoppers and decrease petroleum imports. Quick charging stations should discharge giant quantities of electrical energy in a short time into EV’s and PHEV’s. Native power storage is a essential element of most such techniques.
Probably the most compelling case for presidency funding in grid-connected power storage, subsequently, facilities on two comparatively slender considerations: car electrification and grid vulnerability. Present authorities initiatives to advertise storage, nevertheless, lack any such focus. DOE funding of storage applied sciences and up to date Congressional proposals to encourage storage investments appear merely to give attention to storage with a capital “S”, with none regard to how that storage might be used or what exact profit it guarantees to the American public. Power storage, it appears, has turn out to be an finish in itself slightly than a way to different, extra essential ends.
The federal government badly must set a technique for grid-connected power storage. In a time of constricting budgets, it’s crucial that the few dollars obtainable to develop this essential know-how are spent the place they’re most wanted and the place they may produce the best return for U.S. taxpayers. Grid-connected storage is a promising know-how, which has the potential to deal with a few of our nation’s biggest power challenges. It might be a disgrace if the restricted authorities funding for it merely turns into one other give-away for a variety of economic pursuits.
Examine a proposal to supply and retailer hydrogen power at wind farms to clean out variability: “Storing Wind Power as Hydrogen“.
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